According to a study published in the December 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, neither mindfulness training nor exercise is associated with significant improvement in episodic memory or executive function among older adults.
Whether mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), exercise, or a combination of the two improves cognitive function in older adults was examined by Eric J. Lenze, M.D., and colleagues from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. 150 adults from 585 participants in the study were randomly assigned to 60 minutes of daily meditation; 138 adults should engage in aerobic, strength, and functional exercises for at least 300 minutes each week. incorporated exercise and MBSR (144 adults); or a 153-adult control group for health education.
The mindfulness training and exercise had no significant effect on episodic memory or executive function at six months. At the secondary endpoint of 18 months, there were also no effects from the intervention. At six months, mindfulness training and exercise did not significantly interact. When compared to the controls, neither intervention significantly improved any of the five predetermined secondary outcomes. World News Spot
Lenze stated in a statement, “We did not see improvements, but cognitive performance did not decline either.” We’ll continue to follow the same people for five more years in the next phase of the study to see if exercise and mindfulness training can slow or stop future cognitive decline.