What Are the Reasons for get rid of hiccups
Get rid of hiccups is a spasm of the muscles that control breathing. They can be caused by many things, but most go away on their own or with home remedies in a few minutes or hours. Hiccups can be triggered by irritation of the vagus and phrenic nerves. These nerves supply the diaphragm and many other organs in the body.
1. Irritation or Stimulation of the Nerves
The reason hiccups occur is that something irritates or disturbs the phrenic nerve, which sends signals to the diaphragm to contract. That contraction causes the air to suck into your throat and hits your vocal cords, producing the distinctive “hic!” sound. Irritation of the phrenic nerve can be caused by eating too quickly or too much, swallowing air when chewing gum or smoking, stress, excitement or nervousness, and certain medical conditions such as a goiter, tumor, or cyst. Some medications, such as sedatives or drugs used for anesthesia and some steroids, can also trigger long bouts of hiccuping.
Most hiccups are short and resolve on their own within a few minutes. However, some people experience prolonged or persistent hiccups, sometimes lasting a month or more. If your hiccups are so long that they interfere with eating, breathing, or sleeping, see your doctor. You may be diagnosed with a serious condition that requires treatment. A doctor will likely recommend muscle relaxants to help stop the hiccups.
2. Excessive Eating or Drinking
Hiccups occur when the muscles that control breathing spasm, which causes the diaphragm to press down and cause a quick inhalation that compresses the air chambers of the lungs. The air that is compressed makes the vocal cords snap shut, causing the sound known as the “hic” noise. Hiccups also have been observed physiologically in fetuses and are common in newborns.
Short-term hiccups are not concerning, and most people get rid of hiccups using home remedies such as holding your breath for a few seconds or breathing into a paper bag. These techniques increase carbon dioxide levels in the lungs and relax the diaphragm.
However, if you get rid of hiccups last more than 48 hours, you should see a healthcare provider. These long-lasting hiccups are called intractable hiccups, and they may indicate an underlying condition such as damage or irritation to the nerves in your chest and abdomen (phrenic and vagus nerves), a tumor or cyst, a brain tumor, or a gastrointestinal disorder such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The healthcare provider will perform a physical examination.
3. Excessive Stress or Anxiety
Hiccups are usually harmless and go away on their own within a few minutes. If they persist, you should make an appointment with your doctor, especially if the hiccups are accompanied by symptoms like difficulty breathing or loss of balance.
Getting rid of hiccup bouts that last more than 48 hours may be a sign of an underlying condition such as a brain tumor, encephalitis, or multiple sclerosis. Long-term hiccups can also result from a lack of electrolytes in the body, including potassium and sodium.
Many people use a variety of home remedies to stop the hiccups, including holding their breath or swallowing air, stimulating the back of the neck or throat, or having someone scare them. However, most of these suggestions have little or no scientific evidence to support them. If hiccups are caused by an underlying condition, managing that condition should resolve them. If hiccups continue, medication such as chlorpromazine or ephedrine might be prescribed. In very rare cases, surgery can be used to block nerve signals that cause hiccups.
4. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Normally, when you swallow, a circular band of muscle around the bottom of your esophagus relaxes to allow food and liquid into your stomach, then closes. When it relaxes too often, acid and other contents may enter the lungs through the windpipe, which causes hiccups.
Most people get hiccups at some point in their lives and they usually disappear quickly. But if they last for hours or disrupt your eating and sleeping habits, it may be time to visit your doctor. Your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask questions about your symptoms. They may order X-rays or blood tests to determine if an underlying medical condition is causing your hiccups.